Grace Murray Hopper.

Essay by maemejoHigh School, 10th gradeA+, November 2003

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Grace Murray Hopper

Grace Murray Hopper was born on December 9, 1906 in New York City, New York. She died New Year's Day, 1992. During her lifetime Grace Hopper accomplished many great things. She gained the title "grandmother of the computer age" for her ground- breaking work on the first computer, the Mark I.

Grace Murray Hopper was born to Walter and Mary Hopper of New York. She was the oldest of three children, she a has a younger brother Roger and a sister Mary. Grace had the everyday, run of the mill childhood, she enjoyed climbing trees and cross-stitching. Her mother feared becoming a clueless widow when her father has both his legs amputated. Grace's mother learned how to do all the family's finances so not to be in the dark if something did happen to him, this is were Grace's love of math came from. In 1930, at twenty-four, she married Foster Hopper, the divorced in 1945 and had no children.

Grace's parents wanted her to get an education. Their feelings were that she deserved the same opportunities that her brother could have had. Grace also shared their feelings, during high school she played many sports and continued her education through collage. She earned a bachelor's degree in mathematics and physics from Vassar College, and a PhD in math from Yale University. She also got a job at Vassar while studying from her PhD. She taught until 1943, then she joined the United States Navel Reserve.

While in the Navy she was the lead programmed of the renowned Mark I. The Mark I was the very first computing machine. This brilliant invention could do calculations in one day, that by hand would have taken six months. She also converted computer language into English, in a system called...