Fraud Essay

Essay by Aaron MuirCollege, Undergraduate August 1996

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What is a Fraud? A fraud is when one party deceives or takes unfair advantage of

another. A fraud includes any act, omission, or concealment, involving a breach of legal or

equitable duty or trust, which results in disadvantage or injury to another. In a court of law

it is necessary to prove that a false representation was made as a statement of fact, that was

made with the intent to deceive and to induce the other party to act upon it. It must be

proven that the person who has been defrauded suffered a injury or damage from the act.

Who commits a fraud and why? It is generally accepted that 20 percent of

employees are honest. Another 20 percent are dishonest and don't mind doing wrong. That

means the remaining 60 percent are potentially dishonest, that's a total of 80 percent of

employees which may be dishonest.

To understand fraud you first have to determine the

contributing factors to why people commit fraud. Some people commit fraud for the sport

and thrill of it. There are other recognizable reasons why honest people may commit a

breach of trust. Need is the most common reason. A desperate financial need is usually the

cause of most frauds. Still some people commit fraud to pay for an elevated life style

which other wise they could not afford. Needs arise from a number of locations these

include: Drug or alcohol addiction, Marriage break-ups and/of extravagant love affairs,

Gambling Debts, Business losses, Unexpected family crises, Mounting debts, and the

desire to live a lifestyle far beyond ones means.

Fraud is costing society several hundred billion a year. Organizations loose close

to 6 percent of annual revenue to fraud and abuse of social systems. Fraud costs Canadian

organizations $100 billion annually. On the...