"Dangers and Destructions of Floods and Hurricanes"

Essay by Chris BallHigh School, 10th gradeA-, April 1996

download word file, 5 pages 3.0

Dangers and Destructions of Floods and Hurricanes

Floods and hurricanes have been effecting the lives of people around the world

for years. This research paper is going to state some of the worst floods and hurricanes,

and how future ones can be controlled.

A flood is an overflow of water on dry land. The two types of floods are coastal

and river floods. Coastal floods are the first topic in this research paper.

A coastal flood is the flooding of beaches and surrounding areas; including bar

spits and deltas. They can be effected by tidal waves and coastal currents. Coastal floods

can cover a large amount of distance along a shore. The length of time a coastal flood is

dangerous is usually very short. It depends on how high the tide is which goes up and

down twice a day. When the velocities of hurricane winds become severe the height of

the waves become three or more feet higher than the previous high tide.

Coastal floods

can be caused by a number of things. Coastal floods can be caused by runoff, hurricane

waves, tsunami (seismic sea waves), and hurricane rains. Coastal flooding can not only

take part on oceans but it can also take part on lakes. Coastal flooding can be a great

danger because coast lines are very densely populated areas. In the United States in the

early 1990's 50% of the population was on a coastal county.1 Although they shrink before

reaching shore, wind generated waves have been spotted to be as high as 30 m (100 ft) in

the middle of the ocean.2 In 1970 a major storm in the Bay of Bengal produced heavy

seas that flooded regions of East Pakistan, killing about 200,000 people.3

River flooding can happen a number of ways. The causes are...