Antigone Study Guide.

Essay by donnyttttHigh School, 10th gradeA+, November 2003

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Chorus: made up of about 15 elders of Thebes, 15 people who chant narrative odes

Choragos: leader of the chorus

Parados: first ode, or choral song in a greek tragedy changed by the chorus as it enters

the area in front of the stage

Ode: each scene is followed by an ode. These odes served both to seperate one scence

from the next and also to provide the chorus's response to the previous scene, interlude in

greek drama

Strophe: part of the ode that the chorus chants as it moves from right to left across the


Antistrophe: part of the ode chant as the chorus moves back across the stage from left to


Exodos: the final or exit scene

Drama: a story that is written to be acted for an audience

major elements of dramatic plot are: exposition, complications, climax, and resolution

Tragedy: play, novel, or other narrative depicting serious and important events, in which

the main character comes to an unhappy end

Tragic Hero/Heroine: hero neither good nor bad, highly renowned and prosperous

Tragic Flaw: a character weakness, or by forces beyond the character's control

Catharsis: emotional porging, emotional release following tragedy

Dramatic Irony: audience knows something characters don't

Verbal: speaker means one thing but means another

Situational: what happens is opposite of what is expected

Poetic Techniques

Metaphor: figure of speech that makes a comparison between 2 unlike thing without

using like,as

Simile: figure of speech that makes a comparison between 2 seemingly unlike things with

conective word

Imagery: language that appeals to the senses

Antigone is opposed to her radiant sister .

Unlike her beautiful and docile sister, Antigone

is scrawny, sallow, withdrawn, and recalcitrant brat.

The Chorus recounts the events leading to Antigone's tragedy. Oedipus, Antigone and

Ismene's father, had two sons, Eteocles...